Domina las linking words y ve más allá en tus textos

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Los conectores, o linking words, en inglés, son palabras y frases que sirven para enlazar unas ideas con otras. Saber utilizarlas es muestra de fluidez en inglés, por eso, aunque no sean estrictamente necesarias son importantísimas. especialmente a la hora de escribir.

Guía descargable: Aprende a afrontar un proceso de selección en inglés

 

Las linking words ayudan al lector, haciendo vuestros texto fáciles de seguir. Es importante no usar siempre las mismas para no ser repetitivos, por lo que os daremos algunas nuevas.

Conjunctions and prepositions

Cuando os hemos hablado de conectores en el blog nos hemos limitado a conjunciones y preposiciones. Recordemos que una conjunción sirve para unir dos oraciones (clauses) dentro de una oración más grande que conforma una unidad gramatical (sentence).  Las preposiciones hacen lo mismo que las conjunciones pero en el nivel de phrase (unidades gramaticales de un nivel inferior a la clause). Aunque en esta ocasión no hablaremos de preposiciones, podéis repasarlas en posts anteriores. Existen distintos, según lo que expresen:

  • Tiempo, como after, as, as long as, before, by the time, hardly, now (that), once, since, the moment, then, till, until, when, whenever, whereupon, while.
    • The moment I saw your mother I knew it was her.

    • By the time the police arrived, all important data had already been deleted.

  • Resultado, como and, and so, else, or else, otherwise, so, so that.
    • He pushed it with his thumb and the cork popped out of the bottle

    • We need a user-friendly name so that people remember it easily

  • Contraste, concesión, distintas alternativas, como although, but, even if, even though, except that, or, much as, nor, not that, though, whereas, while, whilst, yet.
    • Children always manage to play together even though they speak different languages

    • Always try to benefit the team whilst focusing on your own particular goals.

  • Causa, como as, because, considering, due to, for, in case, in view of the fact, that,just in case, seeing as/that, since
    • Due to the new regulations, all workers must wear protective goggles.

    • We are having this meeting in view of the fact that some of you need feedback.

  • Propósito, como in case, in order that, in order to, so, so as to, so that, to
    • In case you don’t recognise me, I’ll take a yellow umbrella with me

    • In order to celebrate their anniversary, they returned to London.

  • Condición, como as long as, even if,  if, on condition that, provided (that), providing (that), so long as, unless, whether..or
    • You can keep the dog provided that you look after it.

    • I told him I would break the deal unless he pays in advance.

  • Modo, como as, as if, as though, in a way, just as, like, much as, the way
    • The kids were eating as if they had never tasted a cake before

    • Jane behaved like she was hiding something from us.

  • Adición, como and, besides which, not only
    • Tom is having many financial problems, besides which he is still recovering from the accident and can’t work.

    • Not only was it a cold and windy evening, but she had forgotten her gloves in the taxi.

Por último, tened en cuenta que algunas conjunciones pueden usarse como adverbials, ¡así que no os extrañéis si lo veis por ahí!

Sentence adverbials

Estos adverbios suelen aparecer al comienzo de las oraciones – aunque no siempre- y van seguidos de una coma. Un sentence adverb puede unir dos oraciones (sentences), una oración a la totalidad del texto, o indicarnos la actitud del autor hacia lo que están diciendo. Al igual que con las conjunciones, existen varios tipos, según lo que expresen:

  • Tiempo, como after that, afterwards, at the same time, beforehand, eventually, finally, meanwhile, subsequently.
    • I’ve been waiting an eternity for this moment. I finally got my visa to the USA.

    • I will move to the UK in a year. In the meantime I am trying to save as much money as I can.

  • Comparación, contraste, concesión, como admittedly, alternatively, by contrast, conversely, equally, even so, however, instead, likewise, nonetheless.
    • Older generations are delaying their retirement. By contrast,  young people are having huge difficulties finding their first job.

    • I usually prefer to buy in small shops near home. However, I often have to go to the supermarket because I don’t have much time.

  • Orden de distintas ideas, adición de información, como above all, additionally, also, as well, besides, firstly/secondly…, for one/ another thing, finally, furthermore, in the first place.
    • Exercising at least half an hour everyday is excellent for your health. Additionally, it will also make you happier.

    • Firstly, I would like to point out that productivity is affected by the speed of computers.

  • Conclusión, resumen de ideas, generalización, como all in all, altogether, by and large, generally, in conclusion, in other words, in short, on the whole, overall, to some extent, to sum up.
    • All in all, I consider commuting to work one of the most time wasting activities of our society.

    • I am studying English at the moment. It’ s generally for my job, but also I’ll find it easier to travel.

  • Dar ejemplos, centrarse en algo, como among others, for example, in particular, mainly, particularly, specifically
    • Mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti among others, are the most common vehicles of tropical diseases

    • Pets, dogs in particular, help children to develop a sense of responsibility

  • Reformulación, clarificación, como actually, at least, indeed, in fact, in other words, rather, that is (to say), to put it in another way…
    • Actually, studying one foreign language helps learn others.

    • It is a very good idea, indeed

  • Cambio de tema, referirse a un asunto, como anyhow, anyway, as far as… is concerned, as regards…, by the way, incidentally, now for, regarding.., that brings me on to.
    • I would like to assure you that you can rely on us as far as this project is concerned.

    • When Moscow reached their objective -by the way, not bringing much stability- the checkpoint was reopened.

  • Causa y efecto, razón y resultado, inferencia, como accordingly, as a result, because of this, consequently, for this reason, hence, in that case, otherwise, that’s why, therefore.
    • There was a high risk of fire. Consequently, the area was evacuated.

    • The talent programme grants musical education to children who otherwise would have never had a chance.

  • Como decíamos antes, existen sentence adverbials cuya función no es dar cohesión, sino expresar nuestra actitud hacia el tema, por ejemplo, luckily, frankly,  personally, incredibly, apparently y muchos otros.
    • Strangely enough, Frank passed his driving test.

    • Personally, I would ban firecrackers

 

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3 respuestas para “Domina las linking words y ve más allá en tus textos

  1. Tengo poco que he entrado a este blog y me ha encantado, soy maestra de inglés en Torreón, Coah. México, a nivel medio. gracias por el apoyo para mejorar en el idioma.

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