Lista de verbos irregulares con pronunciación y ejercicios

Lista de verbos irregulares con pronunciación y ejercicios

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Para aprender los verbos irregulares es importante perderles el miedo y practicarlos, hablando y escuchando. Aunque, cierto, también tendrás que memorizar. En este post encontrarás una lista de verbos irregulares con pronunciación y algunos ejercicios para practicar. ¡Que no se te resistan más los irregulares!

 

¿Qué son los verbos irregulares?

Para definirlos, los compararemos con los regulares. Los verbos regulares tienen siempre la misma raíz, que se adapta a la reglas de conjugación. Solo se añade el sufijo -ed al final del verbo.

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Pero los verbos irregulares cambian de forma cuando se conjugan. No siguen un patrón. En inglés existen unos 200 verbos irregulares. Lamentándolo mucho, no queda más que memorizarlos pero, ¡no te asustes! ¡Es más fácil de lo que parece!

Lista de verbos irregulares con pronunciación y ejercicios

Aquí tienes la lista de los principales y algunos ejercicios para practicar.

InfinitivoPasado simplePast participleTraducción
arise [a’rais]arose [a’rous]arisen [a’risn]surgir, levantarse.
be [bi]was  [wuas] / were [wer]been  [bin]ser
beat [bit]beat [bit]beaten [bitn]golpear
become [bi´kam]became [bi´keim]become [bi´kam]convertirse,llegar a ser
begin [bi´gIn]began [bi’gan]begun [bi’gan]comenzar
bet [bet]bet [bet]bet [bet]apostar
bite [bait]bit [bIt]bitten [bItn]morder
bleed [blid]bled [bled]bled [bled]sangrar
blow [blou]blew [blu]blown [bloun]soplar
break [breik]broke [brouk]broken [broukn]romper
bring [bring]brought [brot]brought [brot]traer
build [bild]built [bilt]built [bilt]construir
buy [bai]bought [bot]bought [bot]comprar
catch [katch]caught [kot]caught [kot]atrapar
choose [chus]chose [chous]chosen [chousn]elegir
come [kam]came [keim]come [kam]venir
cost [kost]cost [kost]cost [kost]costar
creep [krip]crept [krept]crept [krept]arrastrarse
cut [kat]cut [kat]cut [kat]cortar
deal [dil]dealt [delt]dealt [delt]dar, repartir
do [du]did [dId]done [don]hacer
draw [dro]drew [dru]drawn [dron]dibujar
dream [driim]dreamt [dremt]dreamt [dremt]soñar
drink [drInk]drank [drank]drunk [draank]beber
drive [draiv]drove [drouv]driven [drivn]conducir
eat [iit]ate [eit]eaten [iitn]comer
fall [fol]fell [fel]fallen [folen]caer
feed [fiid]fed [fed]fed [fed]alimentar
feel [fiil]felt [felt]felt [felt]sentir
fight [fait]fought [fot]fought [fot]pelear
find [faind]found [faund]found [faund]encontrar
flee [flii]fled [fled]fled [fled]huir
fly [flai]flew [flu]flown [floun]volar
forget [forget]forgot [forgat]forgotten [forgatn]olvidar
forgive [forgiv]forgave [forgeiv]forgiven [forgivn]perdonar
forsake [forseik]forsook [forsuk]forsaken  [forseikn]abandonar
freeze [friisz]froze [frousz]frozen [frouszn]congelar
get [get]got [gat]got/gotten  [gat,gatn]tener, obtener
give [gIv]gave [geiv]given [givn]dar
go [gou]went  [wuent]gone [gon]ir
grind [graind]ground [graund]ground [graund]moler
grow [grou]grew [gru]grown [groun]crecer
hang [hang]hung [haang]hung [haang]colgar
have [hav]had [had]had [had]tener
hear [hir]heard [herd]heard [herd]oír
hide [haid]hid [hId]hidden [hIdn]esconderse
hit [hIt]hit [hIt]hit [hIt]golpear
hold [hold]held [held]held [held]tener, mantener
hurt [hert]hurt [hert]hurt [hert]herir, doler
keep [kip]kept [kept]kept [kept]guardar
kneel [nil]knelt [nelt]knelt [nelt]arrodillarse
know [nou]knew [niu]known [noun]saber
lead [liid]led [led]led [led]encabezar
learn [lern]learnt [lernt]learnt [lernt]aprender
leave [liv]left [left]left [left]dejar
lend [lend]lent [lent]lent [lent]prestar
let [let]let [let]let [let]dejar
lie [lai]lay [lei]lain [lein]yacer
lose [lus]lost [lost]lost [lost]perder
make [meik]made [meid]made [meid]hacer
mean [min]meant [ment]meant [ment]significar
meet [mit]met [met]met [met]conocer, encontrar
pay [pei]paid [peid]paid [peid]pagar
put [put]put [put]put [put]poner
quit [kuit]quit [kuit]quit [kuit]abandonar
read [rid]read [red]read [red]leer
ride [raid]rode [roud]ridden [ridn]montar, ir
ring [rIng]rang [rang]rung [rang]llamar (por teléfono)
rise [rais]rose [rous]risen [risn]elevar
run [raan]ran [ran]run [raan]correr
say [sei]said [sed]said [sed]decir
see [si]saw [so]seen [sin]ver
sell [sel]sold [sold]sold [sold]vender
send [send]sent [sent]sent [sent]enviar
set [set]set [set]set [set]fijar
sew [sou]sewed [soud]sewn  [soun]coser
shake [sheik]shook [shuk]shaken [sheikn]sacudir
shine [shain]shone [shoun]shone [shoun]brillar
shoot [shut]shot [shot]shot [shot]disparar
show [shou]showed [shoud]shown [shoun]mostrar
shrink [shrInk]shrank [shrank]shrunk [shraank]encoger
shut [shaat]shut [shaat]shut [shaat]cerrar
sing [sIng]sang [sang]sung [saang]cantar
sink [sInk]sank [sank]sunk [saank]hundir
sit [sIt]sat [sat]sat [sat]sentarse
sleep [sliip]slept [slept]slept [slept]dormir
slide [sslaid]slid [slɪd]slid [slɪd]deslizar
sow [sou]sowed [soud]sown [soun]sembrar
speak [sspIk]spoke [sspouk]spoken [sspokn]hablar
spell [sspel]lspelt [sspelt]spelt [sspelt]deletrear
spend [sspend]spent [sspent]spent [sspent]gastar
spill [sspIl]spilt [sspIlt]spilt [ssplt]derramar
split [ssplI]split [ssplI]split [ssplI]dividir
spoil [sspoil]spoilt [sspoilt]spoilt [sspoilt]estropear
spread [sspred]spread [sspred]spread [sspred]extenderse
stand [sstand]stood [sstud]stood [sstud]estar de pie
steal [sstil]stole [sstóul]stolen [stóuln]robar
sting [sstIng]stung [sstaang]stung [sstaang]picar
stink [sstink]stank  [sstank]stunk [sstaank]apestar
strike [straik]struck  [straak]struck [straak]golpear
swear [suer]swore [suor]sworn [suorn]jurar
sweep [suip]swept [suept]swept [suept]barrer
swim [suim]swam [suam]swum [suaan]nadar
take [teik]took [tuk]taken [téikn]tomar
teach [tiich]taught [tot]taught [tot]enseñar
tear [ter]tore [tor]torn [torn]romper
tell [tel]told [told]told [told]decir
think [zInk]thought [zot]thought [zot]pensar
throw [zrou]threw [zriu]thrown [zróun]lanzar
tread [tred]trode [troud]trodden [trodn]pisar
wake [weik]woke [wuok]woken [wuokn]despertarse
wear [wer]wore [wuor]worn [wuorn]llevar puesto
weave [wiːv]wove [wuov]woven [wouvn]tejer
weep [wuip]wept [wuept]wept [wuept]llorar
win [wuin]won [wuon]won [wuon]ganar (un premio)
wring [rIng]wrung [raang]wrung [raang]retorcer
write [rait]wrote [róut]written [‘ritn]escribir

Ejercicios con verbos irregulares

  1. We_________ (go) by bus to the beach and ________ (spend) all day there (past simple)
  2. I have ________ (see) that movie several times (past participle)
  3. Yesterday was the first time I ________ (make) my lunch this week and I have ____________ (bring) it to my work (past participle)
  4. I _________ a message to him yesterday, but I think he _______ (throw) it away (past simple)
  5. She __________ (tell) me yesterday, but I ________ ! (forget) (past simple)
  6. Have you ever ___________ (eat) this kind of meat ? (past participle)
  1. – went, spent
  2. – seen
  3. – made, brought
  4. – wrote, threw
  5. – told, forgot
  6. – eaten

 

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