El reported speech, o estilo indirecto, es uno de los puntos gramaticales del inglés que más problemas da a niveles intermedios. La clave para dominarlo está en practicar y repetir las estructuras una y otra vez hasta que se queden. Por eso, hoy te traemos estos ejercicios para que lo utilices en contexto. Si lo necesitas, repásatelo antes de empezar con los ejercicios.
Transforma las frases
Las siguientes frases están escritas en estilo directo. Pásalas a indirecto y después busca las respuestas al final.
- "I am not a patient person", the customer said.
- "They won't come until midnight", she said.
- "The cleaning products are under the sink", I explained.
- "I am not going to tolerate this behaviour in my class", the teacher warned.
- "Where are the keys?", the driver asked.
Rellena los huecos
Te lo ponemos un poco más difícil. Ahora tendrás que averiguar qué frase va en cada espacio y pasarla a estilo indirecto. Lee primero estas frases en estilo directo:
- "How can I find Mrs Bennett's office ", Sally asked.
- "There is a cafeteria on the first floor", Mrs Bennett answered.
- "Your desk will be on the third floor, with the rest of the Sales department", Mrs Bennett explained.
- "You will have to clock in at 9 a.m. every day ", Mrs Bennett told her.
- "Take the lift to the fourth floor and then go through the door on the right", the receptionist told her.
- "Where can I buy coffee?", Sally asked.
Ahora lee el texto y complétalo cambiando las frases a estilo indirecto.
It was Sally's first day at the company and she was feeling a bit lost. The building was huge and she didn't know anyone. She went to the reception desk to ask ______________________. The receptionist told ______________________________.
Mrs Bennet was a very kind woman, and she explained ________________________________. She told _____________________________. Sally asked ______________________, and Mrs Bennett laughed and answered ____________________________.
Si necesitas practicar un poco más, es muy sencillo. Elige un libro en inglés, identifica frases en estilo directo y repite el primer ejercicio usando esas frases.
- The customer said he was not a patient person.
- She said they wouldn't come until midnight.
- I explained that the cleaning products were under the sink.
- The teacher warned she was not going to tolerate that behaviour in her class.
- The driver asked where the keys were.
It was Sally's first day at the company and she was feeling a bit lost. The building was huge and she didn't know anyone. She went to the front desk to ask how she could find Mrs Bennett's office. The receptionist told her to take the lift to the fourth floor and then go through the door on the right.
Mrs Bennet was a very kind woman, and she explained that her desk would be on the third floor, with the rest of the Sales department. She told her she would have to clock in at 9 a.m. every day. Sally asked where she could buy coffee, and Mrs Bennett laughed and told her there was a cafeteria on the first floor.
- Ejercicios con «used to»: aprende a utilizarlo
- Uso de would: ¿qué puedes expresar con este verbo modal?
- Diferencias entre although, despite y in spite of